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Facts about Rwanda

Rwanda, the Republic of Rwanda, is located in mid-central and east Africa, a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Ø  Capital:          Kigali (population approx. 1,000,000)

Ø  President:      Paul Kagame

Ø  Population:   11.46 million(2012)World Bank

Ø  Official languagesKinyarwanda language, English and French Language

Ø  Time Zone:    GMT/UTC +2

Ø  Currency:      Rwanda Franc  (current approx. Rwf 700 = US$1)

Climate: The climate of Rwanda is made up of two wet seasons and two dry seasons. The short wet season lasts from October-November, and the main rainy season lasts mid-March to the end of May. During the dry seasons, which last from December to mid-March and from June to the end of August, frequent light cloud cover yields a pleasant, never stifling, temperature.

Geography: Most of Rwanda is 3,000 ft above sea level, with much of the central plateau being higher than 4,700 ft. In the northwest, on the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are the volcanic Virunga Mountains; the highest peak, Mount Karisimbi is snowcapped. Other neighbouring countries are Tanzaniato the east and Burundi and Burundi in the south. Lake Kivu, 4,700 feet above sea level, drains into Lake Tanganyika, through the sharply descending Ruzizi River. Along with the gorillas in Virunga and chimpanzees in Nyungwe Forest National Park other places of interest include the Nyanza King's Palace, the National Museum of Butare and the genocide memorial of Murambi. Located near the centre of Africa, a few degrees south of the Equator.

Economy: Rwanda is a rural country with about 90% of the population engaged in subsistence agriculture. The primary exports are coffee, tea, flowers and minerals.

Tourismis Rwanda's fastest growing sector and most notably ecotourism especially around Lake Kivu and Nyungwe Forest and of course the world famous mountain gorillas in the Virunga National Park.

The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass killing of hundreds of thousands of Rwanda's Tutsis. Over the course of approximately 100 days, from April 6 through to 4th July, at least 1,000,000 people were killed. . The victory of the Rwandan Patriotic Front rebels and overthrow of the Hutu regime finally ended the genocide in July 1994.